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The Internet is formed by networks throughout the world interconnecting and passing on data to each other. cisco router make the Internet work by forwarding data using a unified addressing system. They can send information to anywhere in the world as long as that location has an IP address.

Description

Routers vary inside to large expensive machines for commercial applications to small wireless boxes for the home electronics market. A router combines dedicated hardware and specialist software to achieve its task. To be effective, a cisco routers needs to be connected to at least two separate networks because its main task is to forward data from one network to another.

Operation

Routers rely on the Internet Protocol to provide a common addressing system. The protocol defines an address structure which is universally implemented and is enforced by one controlling authority in each country. The IP address of any computer contactable over the Internet has to be unique. The computer sending information over the Internet has to package that data into a packet. The data packet contains a header which includes the IP address of the destination computer. Used routers read this address and then forward the packet in the direction of its destination.

Routing Tables

A router prepares for its work by compiling a list of possible routes to a particular destination. The format of the table does not require that every IP address is listed. They can be noted in groups. When a router is first installed it contacts its neighboring routers. These are the routers to which it is immediately connected. Each of these neighbors send their routing tables to the used cisco routers which then compiles its own routing table. Routers regularly exchange their routing tables and so information about routes held on one router eventually ripples through to all routers in the world.

Algorithm

The routing table contains several different paths to the same destination. The router uses an algorithm to rank these alternatives. There are many different routing algorithms in the world, but they generally all rely on the direction and the distance travelled to reach the target. The distance is often recorded as the number of links the cisco router used crosses. The direction tells the router which of its immediate neighbors starts that route.

Function

Although the routing table contains alternative routes it does not list the routers in the path of that route, only the first router in the chain. The next router receiving the data packet then makes a calculation to decide which of its neighbors will receive the packet next, and so on. This distributed decision making allows used routes to be switched in case of broken connections further down the line of which the originating router is unaware.

10/14/2011 01:25

The Internet is formed by networks throughout the world interconnecting and passing on data to each other.

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12/31/2011 06:30

Nice one info, thx

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01/25/2012 13:54

will come back quickly

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01/25/2012 15:08

THX for info

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01/28/2012 05:29

Great info, thanks

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02/06/2012 14:01

THX for info

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Nice article bro

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will come back before long

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03/27/2012 11:09

Nice one info, thanks

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03/29/2012 17:29

Nice one info, thanks

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03/30/2012 16:46

Nice article bro

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Thank you for information

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09/03/2012 19:16

will return quickly

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